Frozen neatly chronicles humankind’s journey to outer space in a fun, animated, accessible way for children (and childlike adults). Humans have been dreaming of taking to the skies for millenniums. Frozen’s setting is a nod toward Leonardo da Vinci, the Italian artist whose drawing of a “flying machine” is said to have inspired the development of aircraft eventually culminating in manned space vehicles. The castle, harbor and ship design, and royalty themes are reminiscent of da Vinci’s age marking the beginning of a process that would eventually lead to outer space. One character demonstrating the yearning for flight is Olaf in the “In Summer” montage where he sees himself in the clouds, clearly demonstrating his desire to be in the atmosphere. Space flight was once thought impossible and frightening, denoted by the court’s reaction to Elsa’s accident revealing of her power–in fact, one duke accuses her of sorcery and schemes to have her killed, reminiscent of Galileo, because the ideas and skills she possesses are threatening. But Elsa is not deterred. She moves herself to the top of a tall mountain to be as close as possible to the heavens, where she succeeds in building “the impossible”–a complex, man-made, highly engineered design including “frozen fractals” with the precision to launch man into space. She sings, “I am one with the wind and sky” as she raises herself and her castle into the outer reaches of her universe. Like other early space missions, her attempts were not always successful, as seen in the accidental freezing of the entire kingdom of Arendelle, but at the end of the movie she has learned to control her power, paving the way for duplication of her castle/aircraft and further exploration of the heavens.